Back to School:
5 Science-Based Tips for Supporting Your Kids’ Academic Success
It’s that time of year again. The morning air is comfortably crisp, pumpkin-flavored everything is everywhere, and my daily Facebook feed is filled with the obligatory “First Day of School” pictures. Look at those flashy, new backpacks and bright smiles! The parent in me wonders how they can maintain that enthusiasm and achieve academic success this year and beyond. The science nerd in me digs in for answers.
Full disclosure: I am the kind of mom who believes in picking my battles. I dabble in free-range parenting. I could have made this a Top 10 list or even a Top 25 list for all of you Tiger Moms, Helicopter Dads, and [fill in the hyper-engaged descriptor] parents out there. Instead I have selected a handful of ideas that are consistently supported in the literature and that busy families can implement. I hope it helps.
Without further ado, here’s my top 5 science-based findings for cultivating your kids’ academic success:
1. Parental Involvement
Parental involvement for student success bears out in the research time and time again. The real surprise is the nature of parental involvement that has the biggest impact. A recent study that looked at over 12,000 public school students found that parent-child discussions about school-related topics had a far greater effect on academic achievement than any other type of parent involvement such as participation in the PTA or even monitoring of homework.
The takeaway? Talk to your kids about school topics. You can even start by talking about the four other tips in this post!
2. Sleep Matters
Studies from Missouri to South Korea and places in between have shown that impaired sleep decreases cognitive functions such as verbal creativity and the learning of new abstract concepts. Sleep is critical for children’s learning and success. Critical.
The takeaway? Make sure your kiddos are getting enough sleep each night. This is not a new concept, but one that many of us struggle with as we juggle work schedules, school demands, and after school activities. If getting enough sleep is a struggle in your house, try some of the tips in the graphic.
3. Study Skill – Self-Testing
Scientific American conducted a review of over 700 scientific articles about the best study techniques and came up with two practices that stood out above the crowd. One of these was self-testing. Whether by flashcards or practice tests, forcing ourselves to recall information – to sift through synapses of our mind – actually helps the learning to stick.
The takeaway? Encourage your kids to recall learned information often. Suggest or model self-quizzes for study sessions. Turn sight words into a memory game. Get curious and ask for a retelling of yesterday’s history lesson over dinner.
4. Study Skill - Distributed Practice
The Scientific American review also recommended spreading study sessions over more time. In other words, those last minute cram sessions don’t really work in the long run. In fact, the longer the interval between review sessions, the longer the retention.
The takeaway? Encourage your kids to space out their study sessions rather than cramming right before the test. No easy task! Success may come from talking about this idea and modeling good time management skills. You can also suggest that students review fundamental concepts even after the unit has passed, as it will help to foment the understanding for end of year tests and, more importantly, for building upon in the future.
5. Growth Mindset
Whether you think you can or you think you can’t, you are right! People with a growth mindset believe they can learn new skills and become smarter through hard work and dedication. Studies have shown that students with a growth mindset have greater academic success.
Growth mindset is more than self-fulfilling prophecy. It’s neuroscience! In recent years, our understanding of neuroplasticity – the ability of the neurons to change in response to new information and sensory stimulation – has shown that our brains are much more malleable with far more potential than once thought.
The takeaway? Encourage a growth mindset in your kids. The research shows that even short and simple interventions can move students from a fixed mindset towards a growth mindset. The parenting section of the Mindset Works website, created by lead growth mindset researcher Carol Dweck, has a wealth of information and advice. Or look up Dweck’s book, Mindset, at your local library for a deeper dive.
The beginning of the school year is a great time to start a few new habits or strengthen old ones. I hope you’ll try one or more of these suggestions and comment to let us know how things go. Or share your own science-based tips that have worked to promote academic achievement in your own kids.